According to statistics, in 2020 in Korea lung cancer ranked second in incidence among other oncological diseases.
Lung cancer is divided into primary and metastatic. According to the type of tumor cells, primary cancer is classified into non-small cell and small cell cancers. If non-small cell carcinoma (squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, large cell carcinoma) is detected in the early stages, in most cases recovery can be achieved by surgical treatment.
Small cell carcinoma occurs among patients with a long smoking history and accounts for 13% of the total number of all types of cancer. It is considered aggressive and tends to early metastasis to lymph nodes, brain, liver, bones, adrenal glands, kidneys and other organs.
If lung cancer is suspected, examinations such as chest X-rays are performed,
CT of the chest organs, PET-CT. To determine the nature of the formation in the lung (malignant or benign), the most reliable way is a biopsy.
There are the following methods of biopsy: bronchoscopy, fine needle aspiration puncture biopsy, pleural effusion examination, thoracoscopic lung biopsy, endobronchial ultrasound.
Determination of the stage of the disease
Determination of the stage in non-small cell carcinoma
The first and second stages of the disease are a condition in which the tumor has not spread to nearby organs and it is possible to remove it surgically. The third stage is a condition in which there are metastases to the lymph nodes of the mediastinum. At the third stage, surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy are required. At stage 4, when there are distant metastases or malignant pleural effusion is detected, chemotherapy is performed.
Determination of the stage in small cell cancer
In small cell lung cancer, there are only two stages: organic (the tumor is localized only in one lung) and extensive (metastasis to another lung or distant organs). Complex chemo and radiotherapy treatment is usually prescribed.
Methods of treating cancer are: surgical treatment, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, anti-cancer immunotherapy, special endoscopic methods of treatment at the initial or late stages (photodynamic therapy, laser therapy, cryotherapy, electrosurgery, balloon dilation, bronchial stenting, etc.)
The choice of treatment tactics depends on the stage of the disease, the type of cancer, the age of the patient, his well-being, anamnesis, the presence of cardiac, respiratory and other diseases.
Cost of diagnosis and treatment: 24.000.000 - 30.000.000 won (operation)